BMSDC Joint Local Plan Consultation Document (Interactive)
Glossary / Key Terms
Accessible and adaptable dwellings
Accessible and adaptable dwellings were introduced by the
Government through revisions to the Building Regulations in
2015, as one of a suite of ‘optional’ standards that can be
required through planning policy. Part M4(2) of the Building
Regulations sets out the specifications for accessible and
Affordable housing is defined in the National Planning Policy Framework as:
‘Social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing, provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market. Eligibility is determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices. Affordable housing should include provisions to remain at an affordable price for future eligible households or for the subsidy to be recycled for alternative affordable housing provision.
Social rented housing is owned by local authorities and private registered providers (as defined in section 80 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008), for which guideline target rents are determined through the national rent regime. It may also be owned by other persons and provided under equivalent rental arrangements to the above, as agreed with the local authority or with the Homes and Communities Agency.
Affordable rented housing is let by local authorities or private registered providers of social housing to households who are eligible for social rented housing. Affordable Rent is subject to rent controls that require a rent of no more than 80% of the local market rent (including service charges, where applicable).
Intermediate housing is homes for sale and rent provided at a cost above social rent, but below market levels subject to the criteria in the Affordable Housing definition above. These can include shared equity (shared ownership and equity loans), other low cost homes for sale and intermediate rent, but not affordable rented housing.
Homes that do not meet the above definition of affordable
housing, such as “low cost market” housing, may not be
considered as affordable housing for planning
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is designated by
Natural England. The purpose of designation is to conserve
and enhance the natural beauty of the area.
BREEAM is a method of assessing the sustainability of new non-residential buildings and conversions of existing buildings. Buildings are assessed against a number of sustainability criteria including energy, water use, waste management and procurement, and can be awarded one of six – unclassified, pass, good, very good, excellent or outstanding. A BREEAM assessment can be carried out at the design stage.
Building for Life
Building for Life is a Government-endorsed tool for assessing the design quality of neighbourhoods and homes, and the latest version is Building for Life 12. To achieve Built for Life accreditation, using a traffic light approach a development must score 9 ‘greens’ from a set of 12 questions which revolve around ‘integration into the neighbourhood’, ‘creating a place’ and ‘street and home’.
Building Regulations are set by the Government through ‘Approved Documents’ and cover the construction and alterations to Buildings. Whilst Building Regulations approval is separate to planning permission, planning policies can require certain ‘optional’ (higher specification) Building Regulations to be applied.
Call for Sites
The Planning Practice Guidance requires planning authorities to issue a call for potential sites in order to identify as wide a range as possible of sites that could be suitable for development. The Councils have undertaken two call for sites exercises which involved contacting those on the planning policy database and advertising the process.
Community Infrastructure Levy
The Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) was introduced in legislation in 2010 and enables planning authorities to set a ‘levy’ on new development in order to secure the infrastructure needed. Babergh and Mid Suffolk adopted CIL in 2016. The Charging Schedules set out the rate of CIL that will be charged for different types of development, dependant upon location. The broad categories of infrastructure that CIL will be spent on are set out by the Councils in their Regulation 123 Lists.
Comparison retailing is the provision of items not obtained on a frequent basis. These include clothing, footwear, household and recreational goods.
Convenience retailing is the provision of everyday essential items, including food, drinks, newspapers/magazines and confectionery.
County Geodiversity Sites
Geodiversity is defined by the NPPF as the range of rocks, minerals, fossils and landforms. County Geodiversity Sites (CGS) are non-statutory designations identified for their geological interest.
County Wildlife Sites
County Wildlife Sites are identified by the County Wildlife Site Panel. They are a non-statutory designation, with protection afforded through the planning system and via approaches to land management.
The Self-build and Custom Housebuilding Act 2015 requires authorities to keep a register of individuals and associations of individuals who are seeking to acquire serviced plots of land in the authority’s area in order to build houses for those individuals to occupy as homes. Through the Joint Local Plan the Councils have the opportunity to set out what constitutes a custom build house for the purposes of planning.
The Development Plan comprises any Development Plan Documents that have been adopted in relation to the area. The Development Plan for Babergh and Mid Suffolk comprises:
- Saved policies of the Babergh Local Plan Alteration No. 2 (2006)
- Babergh Local Plan 2011 – 2031 - Core Strategy and Policies (2014)
- Any ‘made’ Neighbourhood Plans (currently East Bergholt Neighbourhood Plan 2015 – 2030 (July 2016) and Lavenham Neighbourhood Plan (July 2016))
- Mid Suffolk Local Plan (1998) (saved policies only)
- First Alteration to the Mid Suffolk Local Plan (July 2006)
- Mid Suffolk Core Strategy Development Plan Document (2008)
- Mid Suffolk Core Strategy Focused Review (2012)
- Stowmarket Area Action Plan (2013)
- Any ‘made’ Neighbourhood Plans (currently Parish of Mendlesham Neighbourhood Development Plan 2016 – 2031 (November 2016))
The Development plan also includes adopted Minerals and Waste plans, which are produced by Suffolk County Council.
Section 38(6) of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 states that decision must be taken in accordance with the Development Plan unless material considerations indicate otherwise.
Once adopted, the Joint Local Plan will be the Development Plan for Babergh and Mid Suffolk, alongside ‘made’ Neighbourhood Plans and Minerals and Waste Plans.
Duty to Co-operate
The Duty to Co-operate was introduced through the Localism Act 2011. It places a duty on local planning authorities to co-operate with other specified bodies in relation to strategic matters.
East of England Forecasting Model
The East of England Forecasting Model (EEFM) is managed by Cambridgeshire Econometrics, part of Cambridgeshire County Council, on behalf of local authorities across the East of England. The model provides jobs forecasts, and associated demographic and housing forecasts. The latest EEFM run was published in August 2016.
Edge of Centre
Edge of Centre is defined for retail purposes in the National Planning Policy Framework as being a location which is well connected and up to 300m from the Primary Shopping Area.
Employment Land Needs Assessment
The Employment Land Needs Assessment (ELNA) was commissioned by Babergh and Mid Suffolk District Councils along with Ipswich Borough Council, Suffolk Coastal District Council and Waveney District Council to define the Functional Economic Area and identify the qualitative and quantitative need for employment land across the Districts. The ELNA was based upon the 2015 East of England Forecasting Model jobs forecasts and was published in 2016.
Employment Land Supply Assessment
The Employment Land Supply Assessment (ELSA) was commissioned by Babergh and Mid Suffolk District Councils along with Ipswich Borough Council and Suffolk Coastal District Council to assess the sites that were put forward for employment uses as part of the call for sites process.
In relation to flood risk, in instances where the sequential test has been followed but it is not possible to locate development in an area of lower flood risk, the Exception Test may be applied. For the Exception Test to be passed it must be demonstrated that the development provides wider sustainability benefits to the community that outweigh flood risk, informed by a Strategic Flood Risk Assessment where one has been prepared; and a site-specific flood risk assessment must demonstrate that the development will be safe for its lifetime taking account of the vulnerability of tis users, without increasing flood risk elsewhere and where possible will reduce flood risk overall.
Functional Clusters are defined geographies which reflect the role that larger settlements play in meeting the needs of those living in smaller settlements. For Babergh, Functional Clusters are defined in the Babergh Local Plan (2011 – 2031) Core Strategy and Policies (2014). For Mid Suffolk, it is proposed that Functional Clusters are established for Mid Suffolk through the new Joint Local Plan.
Functional Economic Area
The Functional Economic Area is established in the Employment Land Needs Assessment. It is based upon analysis of travel to work areas, housing market areas and commercial property market areas. Babergh and Mid Suffolk sit within the Ipswich Functional Economic Area along with Ipswich and Suffolk Coastal.
Green Infrastructure is defined by the NPPF as a network of multi-functional green space, urban and rural, which is capable of delivering a wide range of environmental and quality of life benefits for local communities.
Habitats Regulations Assessment
A Habitats Regulations Assessment is an assessment carried out under the Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora). The Directive requires that any plan or project not directly connected with or necessary to the management of a European protected site but likely to have a significant effect thereon, either individually or in combination with other plans or projects, shall be subject to appropriate assessment of its implications for the site in view of the site's conservation objectives. As part of the production of the Joint Local Plan a Habitats Regulations Assessment will be carried out, initially to ascertain whether there are likely to be any significant effects.
Haven Gateway / Haven Gateway Partnership
Babergh and Mid Suffolk District Councils are both part of the Haven Gateway Partnership. The Partnership provides a framework through which to promote the Haven Gateway sub-region, which is centred around the Ports of Felixstowe and Harwich.
Heritage assets are defined by the NPPF as buildings, monuments, sites, places, areas or landscapes identified as having a degree of significance meriting consideration in planning decisions, because of their heritage interest. Heritage assets include designated heritage assets (World Heritage Sites, Scheduled Monuments, Listed Buildings, Protected Wreck Site, Registered Parks and Gardens, Registered Battlefields and Conservation Areas) and non-designated heritage assets.
Housing Market Area
The Housing Market Area is an area which is reasonably self-contained in relation to migration (housing moves) and commuting. The Housing Market Area for Babergh and Mid Suffolk has been defined through the Strategic Housing Market Assessment and also comprises the areas covered by Ipswich Borough Council and Suffolk Coastal District Council.
Ipswich Policy Area / Ipswich Policy Area Board
Ipswich Policy Area was identified in the former Suffolk Structure Plan (2001) in recognition of the functional relationship between areas adjacent to Ipswich Borough and that form part of or are well related to the urban area of Ipswich but which are within Babergh, Mid Suffolk and Suffolk Coastal Districts. The Ipswich Policy Area Board is established as a forum in which the four local planning authorities, along with Suffolk County Council, can work together on strategic planning matters. The Ipswich Policy Area is currently drawn to include the parishes shown on the map on the Ipswich Policy Area webpage – http://www.ipswich.gov.uk/content/ipswich-policy-area.
Indices of Multiple Deprivation
The Indices of Multiple Deprivation are a national measure of relative deprivation in small areas in England called lower-layer super output areas. The indices cover the topics of income; employment; education, skills and training; health and disability; crime; housing and living environment.
Infrastructure Delivery Plan
An Infrastructure Delivery Plan (IDP) sets out the infrastructure required in an area, when it will be provided and how it will be funded. The Councils will produce an Infrastructure Delivery Plan alongside production of the Joint Local Plan.
Joint Strategic Plan
The Councils’ Joint Strategic Plan was produced in 2013/14 and refreshed in 2016. The Joint Strategic Plan sets out a framework for delivering the Councils’ services over the period 2016 – 2020.
Local Development Scheme
The Local Development Scheme was approved in March 2017 and sets out the programme and timetable for the production of the new Joint Local Plan.
Local Green Space
Local Green Spaces are green areas of particular importance to local communities, and where development can be ruled out other than in very special circumstances. The NPPF states that Local Green Space must be in reasonably close proximity to the community it serves; be demonstrably special to a local community and hold particular local significance (for example because of its beauty, historic significance, recreational value, tranquillity or richness of its wildlife; and be local in character and not an extensive tract of land.
A Local List is a list which features non-designated heritage assets identified as being of importance to the local historic environment. Local lists can be produced by local communities in conjunction with the District Councils. There are currently two adopted Local Lists in Babergh (Nayland and Sudbury) and none in Mid Suffolk.
National Planning Policy Framework
The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) was published by the Department of Communities and Local Government in 2012. It is the key piece of national planning policy and is supported by guidance in the form of the Planning Practice Guidance. In considering whether a Local Plan is ‘sound’, through the Examination process, the Councils will need to be able to demonstrate that the plan accords with the policies within the NPPF.
The Localism Act 2011 introduced a power for communities to produce a Neighbourhood Plan which gives communities an opportunity to shape and influence development in their area. ‘Made’ Neighbourhood Plans form part of the Development Plan. There are currently two ‘made’ Neighbourhood Plans in Babergh (East Bergholt and Lavenham) and one in Mid Suffolk (Mendlesham).
New Anglia Local Enterprise Partnership
The New Anglia Local Enterprise Partnership (NALEP) is a business-led collaboration between private, public and education sectors covering the whole of Suffolk and Norfolk. The NALEP is funded by Government and in turn provides funding and support for growing the local economy.
The NALEP published a Strategic Economic Plan (SEP) in 2014. The SEP identifies five ‘high impact’ sectors for targeting support – Advanced manufacturing and engineering, agri-tech, energy, ICT/digital culture and life sciences. It also identifies growth locations which include Stowmarket in Mid Suffolk and Sudbury in Babergh.
The New Anglia LEP are currently developing a new Economic Strategy, the delivery of which will act alongside the delivery of the new Joint Local Plan.
Objectively Assessed Need
The term Objectively Assessed Need (OAN) relates to the need for housing. The OAN has been established through the Strategic Housing Market Assessment. The OAN is the ‘starting point’ for setting the housing requirement in the Joint Local Plan.
Out of centre
A location which is outside of the defined town centre and not capable of being described as ‘edge of centre’.
Permanent Gypsy and Traveller Site
A permanent Gypsy and Traveller Site is one which is intended for permanent residential use, rather than for temporary transit or short stay stopping purposes.
Planning Practice Guidance
The Planning Practice Guidance accompanies the national planning policy set out in the NPPF. It provides guidance on how local planning authorities should apply the policies contained in the NPPF, or other planning-related statements of national policy or legislation. It is web-based and is updated periodically.
The NPPF defines planning obligations as a legally enforceable obligation entered into under section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 to mitigate the impacts of a development proposal. They are commonly known as Section 106 agreements. Section 122 of the Community Infrastructure Levy Regulations 2010 (as amended) states that a planning obligation may only constitute a reason for granting planning permission for the development is the obligation is:
(a) necessary to make the development acceptable in planning terms;
(b) directly related to the development; and
(c) fairly and reasonably related in scale and kind to the development.
Primary Shopping Area
Defined area where retail development is concentrated (comprising the primary and secondary shopping frontages). The Babergh and Mid Suffolk Joint Retail and Town Centres Study provides recommendations in relation to the extent of the Primary Shopping Areas.
Primary Shopping Frontage
Primary Shopping Frontage includes a high proportion of retail uses. These have been defined through the Babergh and Mid Suffolk Joint Retail and Town Centres Study.
Regionally Important Geological and Geomorphological Sites
Geodiversity is defined by the NPPF as the range of rocks, minerals, fossils and landforms. Regionally Important Geological and Geomorphological Sites (RIGS) are non-statutory designations identified for their geological interest.
Secondary Shopping Frontage
Secondary frontages have a greater diversity of uses than Primary Shopping Frontages. These have been defined through the Babergh and Mid Suffolk Joint Retail and Town Centres Study.
Sector Needs Assessment
The Sector Needs Assessment (SNA) (part of the ELSA commission) updates the qualitative and quantitative need for employment land provided in the ELNA based on the 2016 East of England Forecasting Model and identifies the spatial requirements related to the needs of employment sectors.
The Self-Build and Custom Housebuilding Act 2015 requires the authorities to keep a register of individuals and associations of individuals who are seeking to acquire serviced plots of land in the authority’s area in order to build houses for those individuals to occupy as homes. Self-build is defined for the purposes of the Community Infrastructure Levy as as all homes built or commissioned by individuals or groups of individuals for their own use, either by building the home on their own or working with builders.
Sequential Test (flooding)
The Sequential Test in relation to flooding seeks to ensure that development is located away from areas of higher flood risk where possible. For the purposes of plan-making, the Strategic Flood Risk Assessment should be used to steer development to lower flood risk areas. Where the Sequential Test concludes that there are not sufficient sites in a suitable lower risk flood zone(s), it may be necessary to apply the Exception Test. The acceptability of flood zones to development depends upon the vulnerability of the proposed use.
Sequential Test (retail)
The Sequential Test for retail uses is established in national planning policy. The National Planning Policy Framework requires the sequential test to be applied in relation to applications for main town centre uses that are not within a town centre. Locations within town centres should be considered first, followed by edge of centre locations and finally out of centre locations.
The settlement hierarchy categorises settlements based upon their role in terms of levels of service provision. Settlement hierarchies are currently established in the Mid Suffolk Core Strategy (2008) and the Babergh Local Plan (2011 – 2031) Core Strategy (2014). Revisions to the settlement hierarchy are proposed through this consultation, including to establish one consistent hierarchy across both Districts.
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Sites of Special Scientific Interest are protected areas designated by Natural England under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. Sites are designated for either wildlife or geological interest.
Special Area of Conservation
Special Areas of Conservation are habitats protected under the Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora). An assessment of potential effects arising through the production of the Joint Local Plan is undertaken through carrying out a Habitats Regulations Assessment.
Special Protection Area
Special Protection Areas are habitats of importance for bird species protected under the Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora). An assessment of potential effects arising through the production of the Joint Local Plan is undertaken through carrying out a Habitats Regulations Assessment.
Under The Housing and Planning act 2016 a Starter Home:
(a) is a new dwelling,
(b) is available for purchase by qualifying first-time buyers only,
(c) is to be sold at a discount of at least 20% of the market value,
(d) is to be sold for less than the price cap, and
(e) is subject to any restrictions on sale or letting specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State
The price cap outside of London is set at £250,000, and a qualifying first time buyer must be at least 23 years old but under the age of 40.
The Housing White Paper (February 2017) includes a number of proposals in relation to Starter Homes including requiring households to have an income of less that £80,000, requiring some or all of the discount to be repaid if the home is sold within 15 years and including Starter Homes within the definition of affordable housing.
Strategic Housing and Employment Land Availability Assessment
The Strategic Housing and Employment Land Availability Assessment (SHELAA) is an assessment of land availability which identifies a future supply of land which is technically suitable, available and achievable for housing and economic development uses over the plan period. The SHELAA is a key piece of evidence from which sites will be selected for allocation through the process of producing the Joint Local Plan. Sites put forward through the Call for Sites which have been assessed as suitable, available and achievable will be incorporated in the SHELAA.
Strategic Housing Market Assessment
The Strategic Housing Market Assessment is a key piece of evidence and is required by the National Planning Policy Framework. The Strategic Housing Market Assessment identifies the Objectively Assessed Need for housing (OAN) and the mix and type of housing, including affordable housing, required over the plan period.
Structure Plans formed part of the Development Plan until the introduction of now-abolished Regional Spatial Strategies under the Planning and Compulsory Act 2004. The 2001 Suffolk Structure Plan was the final Structure Plan to cover Babergh and Mid Suffolk but is no longer in force.
Suffolk Strategic Planning and Infrastructure Framework
Based upon a shared ambition to secure greater levels of growth and to secure the infrastructure that Suffolk needs, the Councils across Suffolk have been working towards the development of a Strategic Planning and Infrastructure Framework (SPIF). The creation of the SPIF would enable Suffolk to prioritise its aspirations for key infrastructure, with an understanding of the levels of growth that would be required to help deliver this. Consultants were commissioned in summer 2016 to analyse the potential for growth across the county and to consider the relationship of this to infrastructure delivery. The outputs of this work will be considered as the Local Plan progresses.
The Town Centres are defined areas which are characterised by offering a range of main town centre uses, which include retail, leisure, cultural and office uses.
Transit Gypsy and Traveller Site
A Transit Site (also known as a Short Stay Stopping Site) is a site intended for use by Gypsies and Travellers for a short amount of time whilst travelling. The length of continuous stay on a Transit Site is limited to a maximum of 12 weeks.
Travelling Showpeople’s Yard
A Travelling Showpeople’s Yard is the location at which Travelling Showpeople have their permanent residence and will usually include space for storage of equipment.
Use classes are defined in the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 (as amended) and are defined as:
- A1 Shops - Shops, retail warehouses, hairdressers, undertakers, travel and ticket agencies, post offices, pet shops, sandwich bars, showrooms, domestic hire shops, dry cleaners, funeral directors and internet cafes.
- A2 Financial and professional services - Financial services such as banks and building societies, professional services (other than health and medical services) and including estate and employment agencies. It does not include betting offices or pay day loan shops - these are now classed as “sui generis” uses (see below).
- A3 Restaurants and cafés - For the sale of food and drink for consumption on the premises - restaurants, snack bars and cafes.
- A4 Drinking establishments - Public houses, wine bars or other drinking establishments (but not night clubs).
- A5 Hot food takeaways - For the sale of hot food for consumption off the premises.
- AA Drinking establishments with expanded food provision
- B1 Business - Offices (other than those that fall within A2), research and development of products and processes, light industry appropriate in a residential area.
- B2 General industrial - Use for industrial process other than one falling within class B1 (excluding incineration purposes, chemical treatment or landfill or hazardous waste).
- B8 Storage or distribution - This class includes open air storage.
- C1 Hotels - Hotels, boarding and guest houses where no significant element of care is provided (excludes hostels).
- C2 Residential institutions - Residential care homes, hospitals, nursing homes, boarding schools, residential colleges and training centres.
- C2A Secure Residential Institution - Use for a provision of secure residential accommodation, including use as a prison, young offenders institution, detention centre, secure training centre, custody centre, short term holding centre, secure hospital, secure local authority accommodation or use as a military barracks.
- C3 Dwellinghouses - this class is formed of 3 parts:
- C3(a) covers use by a single person or a family (a couple whether married or not, a person related to one another with members of the family of one of the couple to be treated as members of the family of the other), an employer and certain domestic employees (such as an au pair, nanny, nurse, governess, servant, chauffeur, gardener, secretary and personal assistant), a carer and the person receiving the care and a foster parent and foster child.
- C3(b): up to six people living together as a single household and receiving care e.g. supported housing schemes such as those for people with learning disabilities or mental health problems.
- C3(c) allows for groups of people (up to six) living together as a single household. This allows for those groupings that do not fall within the C4 HMO definition, but which fell within the previous C3 use class, to be provided for i.e. a small religious community may fall into this section as could a homeowner who is living with a lodger.
- C4 Houses in multiple occupation - small shared houses occupied by between three and six unrelated individuals, as their only or main residence, who share basic amenities such as a kitchen or bathroom.
- D1 Non-residential institutions - Clinics, health centres, crèches, day nurseries, day centres, schools, art galleries (other than for sale or hire), museums, libraries, halls, places of worship, church halls, law court. Non residential education and training centres.
- D2 Assembly and leisure - Cinemas, music and concert halls, bingo and dance halls (but not night clubs), swimming baths, skating rinks, gymnasiums or area for indoor or outdoor sports and recreations (except for motor sports, or where firearms are used).
- Certain uses do not fall within any use class and are considered 'sui generis'. Such uses include: betting offices/shops, pay day loan shops, theatres, larger houses in multiple occupation, hostels providing no significant element of care, scrap yards. Petrol filling stations and shops selling and/or displaying motor vehicles. Retail warehouse clubs, nightclubs, launderettes, taxi businesses, amusement centres and casinos.
Wheelchair accessible dwellings
Wheelchair accessible dwellings were introduced by the Government through revisions to the Building Regulations in 2015, as one of a suite of ‘optional’ standards that can be required through planning policy. Part M4(3) of the Building Regulations sets out the specifications for wheelchair accessible dwellings.