BMSDC Joint Local Plan - Pre-Submission Reg19 (interactive) 2020

Ended on the 24th December 2020
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08 - Settlement Hierarchy

Policy background and explanation

08.01 In considering the broad locations for new development, national planning policy requires that sustainable development be applied through balancing social, economic and environmental objectives. Development needs to be accommodated in settlements where the need to travel can be reduced, through good access to facilities and services and where significant adverse impacts can be avoided or mitigated. In combination with the spatial distribution, the settlement hierarchy acts as a useful tool to enable these objectives to be met.

08.02 The Babergh and Mid Suffolk Ipswich fringe areas have historically been strategic designations, as growth areas in recognition of the cross-boundary influence of the county town of Ipswich as a regional service centre. This strategic area will remain in the Babergh and Mid Suffolk Joint Local Plan. Similarly, settlements previously identified as Urban Areas and Market Towns in the previous adopted development plans, will continue to be identified as such. This is in recognition of the significant service and facility provision they make to the wider catchment area.

08.03 A weighted scoring system has been used to indicate the relative sustainability of villages, by identifying Core Villages, Hinterland Villages and Hamlets Villages. Due to the dispersed nature of some settlements in Babergh and Mid Suffolk, the settlement hierarchy assesses the sustainability of settlements themselves, rather than the wider parish. Settlements that do not have ten or more well related dwellings have not been identified in the settlement hierarchy. Such settlements are addressed in the Hamlets and Clusters of Development in the Countryside policy.

08.04 Each category of settlements will be required to contribute towards the future growth of the Districts. It is important that development is proportionate to the provision of services and facilities within those settlements, and as such, the Ipswich Fringe, Market Towns/Urban Areas and Core Villages categories will take the largest levels of growth. The settlement hierarchy needs to be considered in combination with the Spatial Distribution. However, all settlements within each category are not equal, and there will be some variance in levels of growth dependent upon a number of factors, including the availability of suitable development sites, infrastructure capacity and considerations of the built and natural environment.

Policy SP03 - Settlement Hierarchy

  1. In all cases the scale and location of development will depend upon the role of settlements within the settlement hierarchy defined in Table 2 and Table 3, the spatial distribution, the capacity of existing physical and social infrastructure or new/enhanced infrastructure, as well as having regard to the natural, built and historic environment. Development which would lead to visual or physical coalescence of settlements will not be supported.
  1. Ipswich Fringe settlements, Market Towns/Urban Areas and Core Villages will act as a focus for development, which will be delivered through site allocations in the Plan and/or in Neighbourhood Plans, and windfall development in accordance with the relevant policies.
  1. Settlement boundaries have been created as defined on the Policies Map in order to demonstrate the extent of land which is required to meet the development needs of the Plan. New allocations are included within the defined settlement boundaries. The principle of development is established within settlement boundaries, subject to the other policies in the Plan. Outside of the defined boundaries in isolated locations development will only be permitted in exceptional circumstances.
  1. Development within settlement boundaries will be permitted where:
    1. Design is sympathetic to its surrounding and demonstrates high-quality design by having regard to the relevant policies of the Plan;
    2. A high standard of hard and soft landscaping, appropriate for the location is used;
    3. Hedgerows and treelines which make an important contribution to the wider context and setting are protected, particularly in edge of settlement locations; and
    4. The cumulative impact of proposals will be a material consideration.


Table 2 – Babergh Settlement Hierarchy

Classification

Settlement

Babergh Ipswich Fringe

Belstead

Copdock and Washbrook

Pinewood

Sproughton

Wherstead – Bourne Hill

Wherstead Park

Babergh Market Towns and Urban Areas

Hadleigh

Pinewood*

Sudbury

Babergh Core Villages

Acton

Bildeston

Boxford

Brantham

Bures St Mary

Capel St Mary

East Bergholt

Glemsford

Great Cornard

Holbrook

Lavenham

Long Melford

Nayland with Wissington

Shotley Street

Sproughton*

Babergh Hinterland Villages

Assington

Belstead*

Bentley

Burstall

Chelmondiston

Chilton

Cockfield - Howe Lane

Copdock and Washbrook*

East Bergholt - East End

Elmsett

Great Waldingfield

Hartest

Hintlesham

Hitcham

Kersey

Monks Eleigh

Newton

Polstead – Church

Raydon

Shotley Gate

Stoke by Nayland

Stratford St Mary

Stutton

Tattingstone – Church

Whatfield

Wherstead - Bourne Hill*

Wherstead Park*

Babergh Hamlet Villages

Babergh Hamlet Villages Continued.

Acton – Newman's Green

Aldham

Alpheton

Alpheton – Bridge Street

Boxford – Calais Street

Boxford – Stone Street

Boxted

Brantham – Stutton Road

Brent Eleigh

Brettenham

Chattisham

Chelmondiston – Pin Mill

Chelmondiston – Ling's Lane

Chelsworth

Cockfield – Cross Green

Cockfield – Great Green

Cockfield - Mackenzie Place

Cockfield - Windsor Green

Cornard Tye

Edwardstone – Mill Green

Edwardstone – Sherbourne Street

Elmsett – Rookery Road

Erwarton

Freston

Great Cornard – Prospect Hill

Great Waldingfield - Church

Great Waldingfield – Upsher Green

Groton

Groton – Castlings Heath

Harkstead

Hartest – Cross Green

Higham

Hitcham – Cross Green

Hitcham – The Drive

Hitcham – The Water Run

Holbrook - Lower

Holton St Mary

Kersey – Kersey Tye

Kersey –Wickerstreet Green

Kettlebaston

Lawshall – Bury Road

Lawshall – Lambs Lane

Lawshall – Street

Lawshall – Lawshall Green

Layham – Lower

Layham - Upper

Leavenheath – Harrow Street

Leavenheath – High Road

Leavenheath – Honey Tye

Lindsey - Church

Lindsey Tye

Little Cornard – Bures Road

Little Cornard – Upper Road

Little Waldingfield

Milden

Monks Eleigh – Swingleton Green

Nedging Tye

Polstead – Bower House Tye

Polstead – Hadleigh Heath

Polstead - Heath, Mill Street, Whitestreet Green

Preston St Mary

Preston St Mary – Whelp Street

Raydon – Lower Raydon

Shimpling Street

Shotley – Church

Somerton

Stanstead

Stoke by Nayland – Thorington Street

Tattingstone - Heath

Tattingstone - White Horse

Thorpe Morieux

Wattisham

Wenham Magna

Woolverstone

*Located within the Ipswich Fringe

Table 3 - Mid Suffolk Settlement Hierarchy

Classification

Settlement

Mid Suffolk Ipswich Fringe

Barham – Sandy Lane

Barham – Bell's Cross Road

Bramford

Claydon with part Barham

Great Blakenham

Great Blakenham – Old Bell House

Whitton

Mid Suffolk Market Towns and Urban Areas

Eye

Needham Market

Stowmarket

Mid Suffolk Core Villages

Bacton

Botesdale and Rickinghall

Bramford*

Claydon with part Barham*

Debenham

Elmswell

Haughley

Mendlesham

Stowupland

Stradbroke

Thurston

Walsham-le-Willows

Woolpit

Mid Suffolk Hinterland Villages

Badwell Ash

Barham - Sandy Lane*

Barking

Beyton

Brome

Coddenham

Combs

Creeting St Mary

Earl Stonham - Forward Green

Felsham

Finningham

Fressingfield

Gislingham

Great Blakenham*

Great Finborough

Henley

Hessett

Horham

Hoxne - Cross Street/Heckfield Green

Hoxne - Low Street

Laxfield

Mellis

Mendham - Church

Metfield

Norton

Occold

Old Newton

Onehouse

Palgrave

Rattlesden

Redgrave

Somersham

Stonham Aspal

Stonham Parva

Stuston

Thorndon

Thwaite

Tostock

Wattisham Airfield

Wetheringsett-Cum-Brockford - Church

Whitton*

Wortham

Yaxley

Mid Suffolk Hamlet Villages

Mid Suffolk Hamlets

Continued.

Mid Suffolk Hamlets

Continued.

Ashbocking

Ashfield cum Thorpe

Athelington

Bacton - Earl's Green

Bacton - Station Road

Bacton – Cow Green

Badwell Ash - Long Thurlow

Barham – Bell's Cross Road*

Battisford

Battisford Tye

Baylham

Bedfield - Little Green

Bedfield - Long Green

Bedingfield – Church

Bedingfield – Street

Brundish

Burgate

Buxhall

Combs - Moats Tye

Cotton

Creeting St Mary – Dunche's Lane

Creeting St Mary – Jack's Green

Creeting St. Peter

Crowfield

Denham

Drinkstone

Drinkstone Green

Earl Stonham - Angel Hill

Earl Stonham – Middlewood Green

Flowton

Framsden

Gedding

Gipping

Gosbeck

Great Ashfield

Great Blakenham – Old Bell House*

Great Bricett

Great Finborough – Borough Lane

Harleston

Haughley - Green

Haughley - New Street

Helmingham

Hemingstone

Hinderclay

Hunston

Kenton

Langham

Little Blakenham

Mendham – Withersdale Road

Mendham - Withersdale Street

Mendlesham - Green

Mickfield

Norton - Little Green, Ashfield Road

Oakley

Offton – Church

Offton – Place

Old Newton – Church

Pettaugh

Rattlesden - Poystreet Green, Top Road

Redlingfield

Ringshall Stocks

Rishangles

Stoke Ash

Stonham Aspal - Mill Green

Stowlangtoft – Church

Stowlangtoft – Kiln Lane

Stowupland – Saxham Street

Syleham

Thornham Magna

Thrandeston

Wattisfield

Westhorpe

Wetherden

Wetheringsett-Cum-Brockford - Brockford Street

Wetheringsett-Cum-Brockford, Wetherup Street and Park Green

Weybread

Wickham Skeith

Wickham Street

Wilby

Wilby – Russel's Green

Willisham

Wingfield

Winston

Woolpit - Borley Green, Green, Heath

Worlingworth

Wortham – Magpie Green

Wortham – Rectory Road

Wyverstone

*Located within the Ipswich Fringe

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